Wednesday, 3 August 2016

Now Olympics 2016 but what is the history behind the Olympics Games?


August 6 at Rio de Janeiro in Brazil the Summer Olympic games 2016 begins. A lot of games ranging from athletics, basketball, swimming, gymnastics, table tennis, football to weightlifting will be taking place. If you want to see your favourite or world renowned sports personalities, then Rio is the place to be this summer. But how did it all begin?
It is undoubtedly true that the ancient Greek played significant role in the development and civilization of our current world and so it came as no surprise that the root of the modern Olympics games is linked to the ancient Greeks.
In the 8th century the ancient Greeks started the Olympic Games and it was first held in Olympia, a city in Greece. This could probably influence the name of the modern game (Olympic Games). Just as it occurs every four years today, the same is true for the ancient Greek Olympic Games.
In 1894, the world governing body of the games, International Olympic Committee (IOC) was formed and since then it has been in operation. The IOC is the major decision making body which decides in which city the games can be held and played other roles.
Under the IOC, the first Olympic Games were held in Athens, Greece in the year 1896 and it was a success. The second was in France. Since then the Olympics game continued till date.

Below are some countries and the year in which the summer Olympics Games were held.

Year
City
Country
1896
Athens
Greece
1900
Paris
France
1904
St. Louis
USA
1908
London
Great Britain
1912
Stockholm
Sweden
1920
Antwerp
Belgium
1924
Paris
France
1928
Amsterdam
Netherlands
1932
Los Angeles
USA
1936
Berlin
Germany
1948
London
Great Britain
1952
Helsinki
Finland
1956
Melbourne
Australia
1960
Rome
Italy
1964
Tokyo
Japan
1968
Mexico City
Mexico
1972
Munich
West Germany
1976
Montreal
Canada
1980
Moscow
Soviet Union
1984
Los Angeles
USA
1988
Seoul
South Korea
1992
Barcelona
Spain
1996
Atlanta
USA
2000
Sidney
Australia
2004
Athens
Greece
2008
Beijing
China
2012
London
Great Britain
2016
Rio de Janeiro
Brazil
2020
Tokyo
Japan

Just as any other institution, the Olympic Games also faced a lot of challenges. Due to world wars, the games were not held in 1916, 1940 and 1944. In the years 1980 and 1984, it was boycotted by large number of countries because of the cold war. Other challenges include doping, bribery and terrorist attacks especially in 1972.

Now not only the summer Olympics but winter Olympics: which is held in winter every two year after the summer Olympics, Paralympics (Olympics for people with disability) and youth Olympics/games (for teenagers), is organized.

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